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AlcoholA History$
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Rod Phillips

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781469617602

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469617602.001.0001

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The Enemies of Alcohol 1830–1914

The Enemies of Alcohol 1830–1914

Temperance and Prohibition

(p.192) 10 The Enemies of Alcohol 1830–1914

Rod Phillips

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter focuses on anti-alcohol movements that emerged in the nineteenth century. Temperance societies first appeared in the 1830s, and fifty years later, mass organizations grew that were dedicated to limiting the availability and reducing the consumption of alcoholic beverages or to eliminating them altogether. Powerful temperance and prohibitionist movements attracted widespread support in many parts of the world, including the US, Canada, UK, and Scandinavia. Many took to the streets to pressure governments into bringing the alcohol business under control or to put it out of business altogether. These formed the largest civilian mobilization of people and resources ever assembled to achieve a single policy goal, and resulted in a wave of prohibition and near-prohibition policies in many countries during and soon after the First World War.

Keywords:   alcohol consumption, drinking, anti-alcohol organizations, mass movements, temperance societies, prohibitionists

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