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History of Family Planning in Twentieth-Century Peru$
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Raúl Necochea López

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781469618081

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618104.001.0001

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The Reproductive Potential of the Nation

The Reproductive Potential of the Nation

Chapter One The Reproductive Potential of the Nation
History of Family Planning in Twentieth-Century Peru

Raúl Necochea Pearson

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses eugenics and laws to regulate female and male sexuality in Peru, examining the strategies formulated in order to maximize the nation’s fertility for economic gains. It describes the importance of educating women about personal hygiene and choice of marriage partner. It also highlights the different factors which negatively affected population growth: high rate of infant mortality, the backwardness of indigenous peoples, venereal diseases, alcoholism, women who neglected their maternal duties, and men who fathered children out of wedlock. It concludes that Peru needs people to work more closely together to realize the full advantage of new opportunities to improve the economy.

Keywords:   Peru’s economy, women’s education, eugenics, Peru’s population, infant mortality

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