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History of Family Planning in Twentieth-Century Peru$
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Raúl Necochea López

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781469618081

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618104.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 04 August 2021

Contraception Crucible

Contraception Crucible

Health Workers Encounter Family Planning

(p.79) Chapter Four Contraception Crucible
History of Family Planning in Twentieth-Century Peru

Raúl Necochea Pearson

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses how concerns with maternal health prompted a change among health workers to embrace the value of smaller families. It considers the importance of having a smaller family and the use of different methods for family planning. Effective birth control methods were short in supply in early twentieth-century Latin America so Peruvians commonly used condoms and abortion to control the number of children they had. With developments between the early 1960s and 1970s in reproductive health, health workers became more effective providers of family planning services. The public health establishments became more institutionally capable after the creation of a Ministry of Public Health, Labor and Social Welfare. Through training and research, they acquired the conviction that birth control would save women’s lives and help familial economies. Besides condoms, other cheap alternative contraceptives such as diaphragms, spermicidal tablets, and foams became available.

Keywords:   birth control, Latin America, maternal health, condoms, abortion, family

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