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Art of ConversionChristian Visual Culture in the Kingdom of Kongo$
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Cécile Fromont

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781469618715

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618739.001.0001

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Under the Sign of the Cross in the Kingdom of Kongo

Under the Sign of the Cross in the Kingdom of Kongo

Religious Conversion and Visual Correlation

Chapter:
(p.65) 2 Under the Sign of the Cross in the Kingdom of Kongo
Source:
Art of Conversion
Author(s):

CéCile Fromont

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618739.003.0002

This chapter talks about the cross as a central symbol in both Kongo and European religious belief. The cross as a symbol that allowed the two sides to determine the religious significance and epistemological common ground of the nature of the supernatural and its manifestations. The cross created an opportunity for Christian orthodoxy to recognize central Africa manifestations of immanence and for Kongo to broaden its religious belief to include the powers of Christianity. Kongo artists and patrons expressed their new Kongo Christian worldview through portable and elaborately crafted crucifixes.

Keywords:   cross, Kongo, Christian orthodoxy, central Africa, Christianity, crucifixes

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