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Mobilizing New YorkAIDS, Antipoverty, and Feminist Activism$
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Tamar W. Carroll

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469619880

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469619880.001.0001

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A Grand Cooker of a Scene

A Grand Cooker of a Scene

MFY’s Outgrowths

(p.49) Chapter Two A Grand Cooker of a Scene
Mobilizing New York

Tamar W. Carroll

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter demonstrates how MFY helped generate and influence the development of the legal services, welfare rights, and Black Arts movements in the US. Foremost was the way the research staff, Frances Fox Piven and Richard Cloward, encouraged a range of grassroots activity, including the proactive canvassing of individuals and families eligible for benefits. In conjunction to the contribution of the two, Lyndon Johnson's administration took many of MFY's innovations and included them in the 1964 Economic Opportunity Act, particularly the employment of paraprofessionals—neighborhood residents who did not have formal education but who were valued for their experiential knowledge—as well as the concept of maximum feasible participation: the idea that poor people themselves should be involved in decision making in antipoverty programs.

Keywords:   Mobilization for Youth, Black Arts movements, Frances Fox Piven, Richard Cloward, Lyndon Johnson, 1964 Economic Opportunity Act, paraprofessionals, maximum feasible participation

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