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An Agrarian RepublicFarming, Antislavery Politics, and Nature Parks in the Civil War Era$
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Adam Wesley Dean

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469619910

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469619910.001.0001

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Retrenchment in the South, Allotment in the West

Retrenchment in the South, Allotment in the West

(p.182) Conclusion Retrenchment in the South, Allotment in the West
An Agrarian Republic

Adam Wesley Dean

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter first considers the legacy of the Republican Party’s Civil War–era ideas about land use, society, civilization, and union. It then argues that Republican ideas ultimately failed to improve the social and economic lives of Indians in the West and black people in the South. Allotment divided families, negated Indian access to valuable mineral reserves and timberland, and failed to produce prosperous farming communities. Despite the hopes for land kindled by Reconstruction, African Americans experienced the rise of sharecropping, impoverishment, lynching, and a renewed commitment by many white Americans to racial supremacy. The remainder of the chapter explains the significance of studying the Republican Party’s agrarian views.

Keywords:   Republicans, land use, civilization, society, Indians, black people, Reconstruction

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