This chapter focuses on the problems faced by farmers and planters in the Western Confederacy at the height of the Civil War. In the Western Confederacy, many farmers and planters greeted the year 1862 with optimism that faded to despair by December. When the fighting began, the substantial expanse of the South and the absence of military engagements or the great movement of Confederate and Union soldiers meant that the war continued to benefit many western farmers. In the Texas wheat counties, farmers enjoyed the “easy circumstances” brought by the previous year's bountiful crop. The rest of this chapter discusses the clashes between Confederate and Union forces and their impact on agriculture, especially in the Western Confederacy; the efforts of some states to limit cotton production; the increase in agricultural prices; Texas' supply of beef to the Western Confederacy; and complaints against the Confederate cotton purchase program.
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