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Carolina in CrisisCherokees, Colonists, and Slaves in the American Southeast, 1756-1763$
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Daniel J. Tortora

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469621227

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621227.001.0001

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Join’d Together

Join’d Together

The Anglo-Cherokee Alliance, 1730–1753

(p.10) 1 Join’d Together
Carolina in Crisis

Daniel J. Tortora

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses the beginnings of an Anglo-Cherokee Alliance, which had been established under dubious circumstances, beginning with the madcap adventure of a Scotsman, Sir Alexander Cuming, who had ventured to Indian territory hoping to secure such an economic and military alliance without royal appointment in 1729. Complicating the picture were the ongoing tensions between the British and the French, the latter of whom also had an economic stake in generating an alliance with the natives. The Cherokees were themselves at the center of a prosperous deerskin trade, albeit reaping these profits also made them dependent on British goods in exchange. For this and many other reasons the Cherokees eventually consented to an alliance with the British, linked together in a symbolic “Chain of Friendship,” even as it was forged amid cultural misunderstandings and bureaucratic machinations.

Keywords:   Anglo-Cherokee Alliance, Alexander Cuming, Chain of Friendship, economic alliance, military, deerskin trade

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