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Carolina in CrisisCherokees, Colonists, and Slaves in the American Southeast, 1756-1763$
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Daniel J. Tortora

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469621227

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621227.001.0001

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Killed on the Path

Killed on the Path

Cherokees in the Campaigns against Fort Duquesne

(p.43) 3 Killed on the Path
Carolina in Crisis

Daniel J. Tortora

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses Cherokees' involvement in the British campaigns against Fort Duquesne. Cherokees and others served vital and often underappreciated roles, like scouting enemy operations; sharing their customs, beliefs, and medicines; participating in diplomatic relations for the benefit of all; and so on. Given their contributions, the proposal for Cherokee involvement in a larger push toward Fort Duquesne in 1758 seemed straightforward. But the 1758 Fort Duquesne campaign shattered the Anglo-Cherokee military alliance. Over a three-year period, one thousand Cherokees had served as British military allies. Some had traveled nearly three thousand miles and had provided valuable assistance. Yet thirty-seven warriors had died—not fighting their Indian enemies but at the hands of those who they thought were their allies: the Virginia frontiersmen. Maligned, misunderstood, and murdered, despite their military and diplomatic contributions, the Cherokees were more disaffected than ever.

Keywords:   Fort Duquesne, 1758 Fort Duquesne campaign, Anglo-Cherokee military alliance, Virginia frontiersmen, Cherokees

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