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Carolina in CrisisCherokees, Colonists, and Slaves in the American Southeast, 1756-1763$
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Daniel J. Tortora

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469621227

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621227.001.0001

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To Bury the Hatchet, and Make a Firm Peace

To Bury the Hatchet, and Make a Firm Peace

Terms and Tensions

(p.155) 10 To Bury the Hatchet, and Make a Firm Peace
Carolina in Crisis

Daniel J. Tortora

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter discusses the events leading to an established peace between the Cherokees and South Carolina. After the Grant campaign, the Cherokee were starving and desperate for peace, although Grant would insist on discussing the terms thereof by his own rules. Grant dismissed the traditional Cherokee solutions and instead vowed only to negotiate with select warriors. As a result, many of the Indians felt trapped. Though bent on peace, they differed among themselves over the best strategy to achieve it. Meanwhile, South Carolina's elites questioned whether Grant had gone far enough in bringing destruction and ruin on the Cherokee people, and charged the commander with ineptitude. In the process they revealed their concept of the ideal Indian policy. The establishment of separate treaties with Virginia and South Carolina shows the differences between the colonies and highlights the challenge of intercolonial competition.

Keywords:   Indian policy, Virginia, South Carolina, intercolonial competition, James Grant, Cherokee diplomacy, peace negotiations

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