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Deng Xiaoping's Long WarThe Military Conflict between China and Vietnam, 1979-1991$
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Xiaoming Zhang

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469621241

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621241.001.0001

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In the Shadow of the Border Conflict

In the Shadow of the Border Conflict

(p.169) 7 In the Shadow of the Border Conflict
Deng Xiaoping's Long War

Xiaoming Zhang

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter examines how the border conflicts affected the social and economic development of two border provinces, Guangxi and Yunnan, and how the People's Liberation Army (PLA) used the conflicts to stimulate military modernization and to rebuild its reputation. It also discusses how Chinese media, including literature, movies, and music, covered the conflict and how these cultural artifacts of war influenced Chinese society in the 1980s. The border war with Vietnam forced Guangxi and especially Yunnan Provinces to commit enormous human and material resources to support military operations. Although the reasons for the region's backwardness were multifaceted, the border conflict certainly took a huge toll on its economic and social development. Socially and culturally, the war with Vietnam generated literature, songs, and motion pictures that extolled PLA soldiers who had sacrificed themselves.

Keywords:   China, Vietnam, border conflicts, social development, economic development, Guangxi Province, Yunnan Province, People's Liberation Army, PLA, military modernization

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