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Deng Xiaoping's Long WarThe Military Conflict between China and Vietnam, 1979-1991$
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Xiaoming Zhang

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469621241

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621241.001.0001

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The Road to Conflict Termination

The Road to Conflict Termination

(p.193) 8 The Road to Conflict Termination
Deng Xiaoping's Long War

Xiaoming Zhang

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter deals with events leading to the cessation of hostilities between China and Vietnam from the late 1980s through early 1990s. New evidence from China suggests that the collapse of the communist bloc in Eastern Europe played a decisive role in motivating Hanoi to change its policy, thus smoothing the road to a conclusion of the Cold War between the two Asian communist countries. Although both sides claimed victory following the resumption of Sino-Vietnamese relations after thirteen years of hostility, on their 1990 trip to China Vietnamese leaders' encouraged their Chinese counterparts to believe that they had triumphed. China's national priority—economic development—did not depend on either Vietnam or Cambodia. Beijing was in a most advantageous position to demand political concessions from Hanoi. Nonetheless, the termination of hostilities likewise served Hanoi's long-term strategic interests, i.e. Vietnam's own economic reform.

Keywords:   China, Vietnam, foreign relations, economic reform, foreign policy, Sino-Vietnamese relations

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