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Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire$
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Fred K. Drogula

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469621265

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.001.0001

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From Command to Governance

From Command to Governance

(p.232) 5 From Command to Governance
Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Fred K. Drogula

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter focuses on the origins and development of the territorial provinces; it explores how the geographic area of administration (the province) came to be different from the traditional military campaign (the provincia) and what the consequences of this differentiation were for the Roman understanding of command. The acquisition of overseas territories gradually caused the concept of the provincia to expand and to signify a territorial possession, which was generally pacified (at least internally) and was perpetually assigned as a provincia to a Roman commander. This was a gradual process: the territories were simply provinciae (tasks) at first, but the continual assignment of those territories year after year made them permanent provinciae (the defense of conquered territory) and finally just provinces (territories).

Keywords:   territorial provinces, provincia, provinciae, military campaign, Roman commander, Roman conquest, territorial possession, military assignment

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