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Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire$
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Fred K. Drogula

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469621265

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469621265.001.0001

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The Late Republic (100 to 49 BC)

The Late Republic (100 to 49 BC)

(p.295) 6. The Late Republic (100 to 49 BC)
Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire

Fred K. Drogula

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter focuses on the rapid development and manipulation of traditional ideas of provinciae. By the mid-first century BC, consuls were regularly receiving permanent provinciae as their commands. This change made it easier for ambitious men to manipulate the process of provincial assignment, using the popular assemblies to receive choice provinciae and even to combine multiple permanent provinciae into a single command. This manipulation decreased the role that provincial assignment had traditionally played in separating commanders into different spheres of activity, forcing the Romans to begin thinking of alternate ways to establish precedence of command independent of the definition of a man’s provincia. This thinking would ultimately lead the Romans to begin imagining that military authority (imperium) could be defined in greater and lesser terms, providing a new means for establishing precedence of command.

Keywords:   provinciae, consuls, provincial assignment, provincia, imperium, military authority, precedence of command

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