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Selling EmpireIndia in the Making of Britain and America, 1600-1830$
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Jonathan Eacott

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469622309

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622309.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

An Imperial Compromise

An Imperial Compromise

The Calico Acts, the Company, and the Atlantic Colonies

(p.72) 2 An Imperial Compromise
Selling Empire

Jonathan Eacott

University of North Carolina Press

Between the 1690s and 1721, the East India Company, English woolen and silk spinners and weavers, English Atlantic pirates operating out of colonial ports, and Parliament debated the implications of Indian calicoes, leading to new developments in the imperial structure. The government eventually united behind the Calico Acts, legal compromises which traded a prohibition on dyed, stained, and printed cottons in the domestic British market for a regulatory and enforcement system that expanded and entrenched the East India Company’s monopoly over the supply of Asian goods for the British Atlantic. The acts shifted the emphasis away from American colonists as cultivators of Indian raw materials such as silk and cotton wool and towards colonists as consumers of Indian goods.

Keywords:   East India Company, Calico Acts, British Atlantic Colonies, Indian Goods, Pirates, Woolens, Weavers

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