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Sugar and CivilizationAmerican Empire and the Cultural Politics of Sweetness$
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April Merleaux

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469622514

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622514.001.0001

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Drowned in Sweetness

Drowned in Sweetness

Integration and Exception in the New Deal Sugar Programs

Chapter:
(p.174) Chapter Seven Drowned in Sweetness
Source:
Sugar and Civilization
Author(s):

April Merleaux

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469622514.003.0008

This chapter explores the New Deal sugar programs that used marketing quotas and benefit payments to support mainland farmers and prevent radicalism at home and abroad. It begins with a discussion of the political and labor activism across the U.S. sugar empire and how it pushed policymakers to make reforms. It then considers the movement to grant independence to the Philippines and the U.S. government's adoption of a pluralist approach to colonial administration. It also looks at the Sugar Act of 1934 and how its administration in the island territories forced New Deal administrators to become more deeply involved in colonial administration than ever before. Finally, it analyzes the Supreme Court ruling in U.S. v. Butler that led to the revision of the Sugar Act in 1937.

Keywords:   sugar, sugar empire, New Deal, activism, Philippines, colonial administration, Sugar Act of 1934, island territories, Supreme Court, U.S. v. Butler

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