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Shadow Cold WarThe Sino-Soviet Competition for the Third World$
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Jeremy Friedman

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469623764

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469623764.001.0001

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A Tale of Two Revolutions

A Tale of Two Revolutions

(p.1) Introduction A Tale of Two Revolutions
Shadow Cold War

Jeremy Friedman

University of North Carolina Press

This introductory chapter briefly examines the clash of two revolutionary programs—the anti-imperialist revolution and the anti-capitalist one—at the height of the Cold War and decolonization via the conflict known as the Sino–Soviet split. It argues that the clash should be viewed as the geopolitical mechanism by which the demands, ideas, and interests of the newly decolonized states challenged and ultimately came to shape the revolutionary agenda of the global Left centered on the international communist movement. Despite claiming to be “Marxist–Leninist” parties, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) pursued different agendas. Unlike the Chinese Revolution with its nationalist emphasis and rhetoric, Vladimir Lenin made demolishing Russian nationalism one of the regime's early political objectives. The chapter describes these differences in ideology which led to the split.

Keywords:   anti-imperialist, anti-capitalist, Cold War, decolonization, Sino–Soviet split, geopolitical mechanism, global Left, international communist movement, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Chinese Communist Party

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