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The Last PuritansMainline Protestants and the Power of the Past$

Margaret Bendroth

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469624006

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624006.001.0001

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(p.243) Index

(p.243) Index

Source:
The Last Puritans
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
Adams, Charles Francis, 102–3
Albany Convention, 40–41, 54, 71, 81
American Society of Church History, 103
Ames, William, 171
Andover Seminary, 33, 87–90, 104–6
Anticommunism. See Communism
Babson, Roger, 137, 163
Bacon, Leonard, 45, 51, 55, 65, 98;
and Boston Council, 61, 66–69;
and Pilgrim Jubilee, 74–75, 77
Bainton, Roland, 157, 171–72
Baptists, 15, 26, 78, 93, 94, 141, 156
Beecher, Edward, 35, 58, 68–69
Beecher, Henry Ward, 5, 61;
and scandal, 83
Beecher, Lyman, 35
Beecher, Thomas, 46
Bible:
use of by Congregationalists, 8, 48–49, 56, 61, 85, 194;
dramatized, 126–27. See also Historical criticism
Boston, 56–57, 91
Boston Council:
planning and logistics, 54–55, 56, 66;
Brown, Antoinette, 39
Browne, Robert, 68, 76
Burial Hill Declaration, 7, 52, 64–65, 69
Burton, Malcolm, 163
Bushnell, Horace, 5, 114–17
Cadman, S. Parkes, 137
Cadman v. Kenyon, 167–70. See also Merger dispute
Calvinism, 32, 52, 59, 61–62, 64, 114, 164
Cambridge Platform, 14, 33, 34, 43, 44, 45, 50, 54, 59, 66, 68, 69, 169
Christian Connection:
origins, 48–49;
merger with Congregationalists, 145–46, 161
Church anniversaries:
sermons, 19–21, 128–29;
celebration practices, 21–22
Church architecture, 129–30, 176
Church history, 93, 155–56
Civil War, 52, 53
Clark, Joseph, 25, 33
Cold War, 163
Committee for the Continuation of the Congregational Christian Church, 171
Committee on Congregational Political Action, 149–50. See also Merger dispute
Commonsense rationalism, 67, 93
Communism, 144, 149, 150, 163
Congregational clubs, 78–79, 122–23
Congregationalists:
name, 13, 60, 145, 164;
numerical growth, 25–26, 33, 206 (nn. 31, 37);
and democracy, 28, 151–52, 164, 169;
and evangelism, 37–38, 52, 54, 69;
western churches, 38–39, 42–43, 46, 52, 58;
in West, 38–40, 42–43, 46, 52, 58, 77, 79–80;
fundraising and finances, 41, 42, 71, 74, 75–76, 80;
and Great Britain, 46, 55, 131–32, 146–47;
and church building, 52, 71;
in South, 54, 71;
and fundamentalism, 109, 110–11, (p.244) 116–18;
Congregational Library, 46, 76
Congregational polity:
independence of local churches, 14, 43–44, 79, 81–82, 100–101, 150–51, 162, 169, 171;
principles, 14, 44, 54, 144–51;
Church offices, 43, 79;
manuals, 44, 45, 83–84;
Church councils, 44–45;
statements of faith, 61, 62
Congregational Way, 6, 14, 36, 65
Conservative Congregational Christian Conference, 164–65
Council for Social Action, 134;
founding, 139–40;
and profit motive resolution, 140–44, 215 (n. 31);
and merger, 147–51, 153, 154
Covenant, 14, 147
Creeds, 82, 84, 87–88, 146, 164, 169, 178, 179, 186, 189
Dedham Decision of 1820, 34
Denominational history, 6, 93–94, 103
Dexter, Henry Martyn, 59, 83, 98;
and Pilgrim Jubilee, 74–75, 77;
and Andover Seminary, 89;
as historian, 90–93, 94–96
Dexter, Morton, 96, 121–22
Disestablishment, 6, 13, 14, 33. See also Dedham Decision of 1820
Divine providence, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 30–31, 65, 67, 68
Ecumenical movement, 117, 158–59, 179
Ecumenism, 82, 136, 144–46, 154, 161, 165–66. See also Religious tolerance
Edwards, Jonathan, 5, 45, 61;
view of history, 17;
and original sin, 30, 67
Episcopalians, 151;
and proposed merger with Congregationalists, 155, 216 (n. 41)
Evangelical and Reformed Church:
formation, 156–57, 162, 165;
ethnicity in, 163;
and merger, 167. See also Merger dispute
Evangelical Protestants, 1, 9, 194
Evolution, 101, 112–13, 116–17
Fifield, James, 137–38, 149, 163, 169
Finney, Charles, 39, 81
Forefathers’ Day, 27, 41–42, 74, 79, 122, 187
Forman, James, 184
Gender, 7, 29, 84, 142–43, 190–91. See also Laymen; Women, role of
Gladden, Washington, 5, 85
Gordon, George, 101–2, 153
Hawes, Joel, 35, 41, 49
Hegel, G. W. F., 68, 98
Historical criticism, 108–9, 111, 112–13
Historical Jesus, 99, 113
Historicism, 99, 111
History:
as profession, 18, 98–99, 135, 155–56, 193;
in American culture, 18–19, 30–32, 72–73, 135, 192;
moral uses of, 19–21;
and change, 58, 62, 66, 67–68, 92–93, 96–97, 36, 100–101;
societies, 103–4, 156;
re-enacted, 123–24
Horton, Douglas, 159, 163;
and Congregational polity, 165, 170–71, 174. See also Merger dispute
International Council of Congregational Churches, 131, 159
Jeremiads, 17, 19
Kenyon, Helen, 168
(p.245) Labor relations, 140, 147–48, 181, 185
Laymen, 142–43, 148, 181
League to Uphold Congregational Principles, 134, 150, 152, 173. See also Merger dispute
Leavitt, Joshua, 61–62, 66
Libertarianism, 163
Lincoln, Abraham, 42, 55
Mainline Protestants:
and tradition, 1, 192–94;
and numerical decline, 2, 185;
definition, 197 (n. 1)
Manifest destiny, 19, 28. See also Plymouth Rock
Massachusetts Convention of Congregational Ministers, 59
Mather, Cotton, 16, 44, 47, 61
Mayflower Compact, 28, 176
Memory, construction of, 21, 29, 72–73, 120–21, 123
Methodists, 15, 141–42;
and Congregationalists, 15, 56, 73, 78;
numerical growth, 26, 37–38;
and history, 93, 185–86, 161;
and capitalism, 141–42
Mosheim, Lawrence, 68, 98
Munger, Theodore, 5, 69, 113
National Association of Congregational Christian Churches, 173, 174–75
National Council of Congregational Churches, formation, 79, 82–83, 84
Nationalism, 18
Neander, Johann, 58, 98
Neoorthodoxy, 131–32, 163
New Century Hymnal, 190–92
New Deal, 137, 139, 150
New England, 30, 47;
and economic growth, 12–13, 25, 27
“New Theology,” 88, 108
Oberlin Council of 1871, 51, 80–82
Oberlin Seminary, 39, 81
Ockenga, Harold, 164
Old South Church, 33, 101–2, 153
Original sin, 31, 32, 39
Park, Edwards, 59, 62, 77, 90
Park Street Church, 33, 56, 58, 81, 153, 164
Pilgrimage, 130–31
Pilgrim Jubilee, 74–78
Pilgrims:
and democracy, 28, 76, 77, 96–97;
and gender, 29;
polity of, 57, 64, 92, 169;
and Puritans, 221–22 (n. 52). See also Plymouth Rock; Puritans
Pilgrim Tercentennial, 123–25
Plan of Union, 38–39, 41
Plymouth, Mass., geography, 63–64
Plymouth Rock, 57, 65;
commemoration, 27, 34, 69, 76–77, 187;
and nationalism, 27–28
Presbyterians:
and Congregationalists, 38, 39, 40, 58;
Church polity of, 38, 43, 61;
division, 39;
heresy trials, 88;
and history, 93, 156, 186;
and Social Gospel, 141;
and ecumenism, 159–60, 161–62. See also Plan of Union
Primitivism, 17, 48–49
Prohibition and temperance, 41, 124
Puritans:
and history, 16–17;
literature, 43, 46–47;
church polity of, 43, 169;
commercialized, 120–21. See also Pilgrims
Quint, Alonzo, 55, 64, 66
Race relations, 39, 84–85, 131, 138–39, 140, 147, 160, 180–81
Relics, 22–23, 46, 65
(p.246) Religious tolerance, 2, 3, 41, 49, 58, 115–18. See also Ecumenical Movement; Ecumenism
Revivals, 30–31, 32, 44
Robinson, John, 34, 47, 98, 176
Saints, 24–25
Sectarianism, 41, 48, 49, 58
Secularization, 182–83
Social gospel, 134, 136, 138, 148
South, and slavery, 32, 39, 53, 54, 55, 143
Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 12, 31
Sturtevant, Julian, 58, 62
Symbolic boundaries, 4, 160, 185–86
Thanksgiving, 28, 42, 69, 78, 175
Tradition, 1, 3–4, 135, 178, 193
Unitarians:
founding, 32, 172–73;
and church property, 33–34, 59–60;
and Pilgrims, 34–36, 60–61;
and history, 37;
and denominational consciousness, 60
United Church of Christ:
and ­history, 175, 183, 189–90;
name, 176;
Constitution, 177, 180, 189;
Statement of Faith, 177–80, 181–82;
and race relations, 180–81, 184–85;
and social issues, 184–85, 189;
Historical Council, 186–89
Universalists, 94–95
Walker, Williston, 64, 114, 115;
as historian, 84, 96–98, 100–102, 169, 174
Westminster Confession, 31, 54, 61, 88, 160, 186
Williams, Roger, 77, 94–95
Women, role of, 84, 119, 125, 142–43, 168, 185, 187, 189, 215–16 (n. 33)
World War I, 136
Worship, 129, 176
Zikmund, Barbara Brown, 180, 188–89