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The End of A Global PoxAmerica and the Eradication of Smallpox in the Cold War Era$
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Bob H. Reinhardt

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469624099

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624099.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 31 March 2020

A Global Great Society and the U.S. Commitment to Eradication

A Global Great Society and the U.S. Commitment to Eradication

(p.52) 2 A Global Great Society and the U.S. Commitment to Eradication
The End of A Global Pox

Bob H. Reinhardt

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter tells the story behind the start of the global effort to eradicate smallpox. On May 19, 1965, the World Health Assembly (WHA) passed Resolution WHA18.38, which devoted the assembly and its administrative body (the WHO) to “the world-wide eradication of smallpox.” While previous assemblies had made similar such declarations in vague (and unfunded) support of the eradication program proposed by the USSR in 1958, this particular resolution had the political, technical, personnel, and financial backing of the United States, under the leadership of President Lyndon B. Johnson. The American commitment to smallpox eradication represented a step toward a Global Great Society: a liberal effort to engage the decolonizing Cold War world by manipulating the nonhuman world, including diseases.

Keywords:   smallpox eradication, global eradication program, Global Great Society, Cold War, World Health Assembly, Lyndon B. Johnson

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