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The End of A Global PoxAmerica and the Eradication of Smallpox in the Cold War Era$
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Bob H. Reinhardt

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469624099

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624099.001.0001

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The CDC and Smallpox Eradication in West and Central Africa

The CDC and Smallpox Eradication in West and Central Africa

Chapter:
(p.86) 3 The CDC and Smallpox Eradication in West and Central Africa
Source:
The End of A Global Pox
Author(s):

Bob H. Reinhardt

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624099.003.0004

This chapter discusses the challenges encountered by the Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control Program (SMP) in Central and West Africa. Carrying President Johnson's mandate to lead humanity's war against a universal enemy, the SMP deployed a young and enthusiastic staff equipped with the most modern and efficient tools and methods of scientific medicine. Combined with a spirit of flexibility, such expertise and equipment, SMP staff believed, could manage and rationalize the problems of the people and environments of Africa as imagined by the CDC. However, they found themselves constantly scrambling for ways to surmount obstacles to their tools, methods, and ideas. Colonial legacies and the Cold War complicated the SMP's plans; imported American equipment often proved inadequate for the rigors of diverse ecological conditions; and the particular cultures and environments of the nineteen countries in the program challenged the SMP staff's ideas about universal solutions to universal problems.

Keywords:   Smallpox Eradication and Measles Control Program, SMP, global eradication program, disease eradication, Central Africa, West Africa

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