This chapter describes a series of theological skirmishes that took place in the late 1960s between mainline Protestant denominations. It traces the emergence of a heterosexual consensus, where Protestants across the theological and political spectrum adopted modern paradigms for sexuality into both conservative and liberal theological frameworks. The battle pitted defenders of traditional morality against liberals accused of peddling a faithless “new morality.” One conflict emerged from a committee report written by Presbyterians. The debate over this document connected to larger concerns about religion and sex in the late 1960s and early 1970s, a moment at which the “sexual revolution” was at a breaking point. Additionally, a hot-button political issue at this time was sexuality education, and Presbyterians were hardly alone in navigating denomination-wide skirmishes over sexual morality. Similar debates roiled other mainline denominations, and they also surfaced in arguments over local public school sex education curricula.
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