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The Spanish Civil WarRevolution and Counterrevolution$
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Burnett Bolloten

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469624464

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.001.0001

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The Revolutionary Militia

The Revolutionary Militia

(p.249) 25 The Revolutionary Militia
The Spanish Civil War

Burnett Bolloten

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter describes the militia units which were formed in order to counter the rebellion. Because the government lacked the necessary forces with which to combat the military insurrection, the weight of the struggle at the fronts fell upon the labor unions and the proletarian parties. These militia units, or “columns,” as they were generally called, were controlled exclusively by the parties or unions that had created them. In order to create a counterpoise to this revolutionary militia, no less than to organize additional armed units for service at the front, the liberal Republican government of José Giral decided to call up two years of conscripts, a measure that met with trifling response, not only because many of the men were already in the militia, but also because the government lacked any coercive machinery for enforcing the draft.

Keywords:   revolutionary militia, military insurrection, labor unions, proletarian parties, columns, José Giral

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