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The Spanish Civil WarRevolution and Counterrevolution$
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Burnett Bolloten

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469624464

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.001.0001

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The Defense of Madrid, the Junta de Defensa, and the International Brigades. Miaja, Rojo, and Kléber.

The Defense of Madrid, the Junta de Defensa, and the International Brigades. Miaja, Rojo, and Kléber.

Chapter:
(p.286) 30 The Defense of Madrid, the Junta de Defensa, and the International Brigades. Miaja, Rojo, and Kléber.
Source:
The Spanish Civil War
Author(s):

Burnett Bolloten

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0030

This chapter chronicles the defense of Madrid and the roles played by several key figures in the conflict. General José Miaja, now left to his own devices in the wake of the cabinet's November 1936 departure and the approaching battle for Madrid, accepted the help of the Communist party and its celebrated Fifth Regiment. He would later form the Junta de Defensa or Defense Council. Meanwhile, Major Vicente Rojo, Miaja's chief of staff and a widely respected soldier and strategist, worked behind the scenes for the capital's defense. In addition, the International Brigade arrived on the scene a few days into the battle of Madrid, shifting the tide of battle in favor of the Republican forces. The Eleventh International Brigade, or the “International Column,” was led by the Soviet General Emilio Kléber.

Keywords:   José Miaja, Vicente Rojo, Emilio Kléber, Junta de Defensa, battle of Madrid, International Brigade

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