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The Spanish Civil WarRevolution and Counterrevolution$
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Burnett Bolloten

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469624464

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.001.0001

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The Iron Column

The Iron Column

(p.333) 33 The Iron Column
The Spanish Civil War

Burnett Bolloten

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter gives an overview and history of the Iron Column, a militia unit occupying a sector of the Teruel front during the first seven months of the war and the staunchest opponent of militarization among the militia. The Iron Column was the most thoroughly representative of the spirit of Anarchism. It vehemently dissented from the libertarian movement's inconsistencies of theory and practice, and exhibited a more glowing enmity for the state. Many factors eventually contributed to its decline, from its recruitment of former convicts to the government's increasing capacity to draft the column's members into the regular army. In order to guarantee its survival, the Iron Column would soon face a difficult choice: embrace militarization or face certain dissolution.

Keywords:   Iron Column, militarization, libertarian movement, Anarchism, dissolution, Iron Column's decline

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