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The Spanish Civil WarRevolution and Counterrevolution$
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Burnett Bolloten

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469624464

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.001.0001

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Catalonia: The Military Insurrection and Social Revolution

Catalonia: The Military Insurrection and Social Revolution

(p.386) 38 Catalonia: The Military Insurrection and Social Revolution
The Spanish Civil War

Burnett Bolloten

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter turns to Catalonia as a site of military insurrection and social revolution. In May 1937, an armed conflict erupted in Barcelona, the capital of the autonomous region of Catalonia and the largest industrial center on the peninsula. Tensions in Barcelona had been mounting ever since the defeat of the military insurrection in July 1936, when the CNT and FAI had emerged virtual masters of the region and the driving force of the Revolution. The Catalan population became dissatisfied with the changes implemented by the CNT and FAI, such as the requisitions, the disruption of trade, the lack of financial resources, and the collectivization movement. The resulting tensions created an opportunity for the Communists—now empowered by their alliance with the moderate Socialists—to bring the conflict with Largo Caballero to a head.

Keywords:   Catalonia, Barcelona, military insurrection, social revolution, CNT, FAI, Communists, Socialists, Francisco Largo Caballero, collectivization movement

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