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The Spanish Civil WarRevolution and Counterrevolution$
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Burnett Bolloten

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469624464

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.001.0001

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The Destruction of the Agricultural Collectives and the Council of Aragon

The Destruction of the Agricultural Collectives and the Council of Aragon

Chapter:
(p.522) 50 The Destruction of the Agricultural Collectives and the Council of Aragon
Source:
The Spanish Civil War
Author(s):

Burnett Bolloten

Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.003.0050

This chapter returns to the spring of 1937, when the collectivization movement was coming under attack. Encouraged by the October 1936 decree which gave legal status to expropriations carried out at the inception of the Revolution—but exempting from confiscation properties belonging to landowners who had not identified themselves with the military rebellion—many owners who had been forced to accept collectivization were now demanding the restitution of their land. Furthermore, the Communists used the decree to encourage tenant farmers and sharecroppers to recover their former parcels. Entering the picture was the Anarchist-dominated Regional Defense Committee of Aragon that had been established in October 1936 to direct the Revolution in the area of Aragon occupied by the anti-Franco forces. It would later be dissolved by the central government in 1937.

Keywords:   collectivization movement, collectivization, rural economy, agriculture, land restitution, expropriations, Regional Defense Committee of Aragon

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