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The Spanish Civil WarRevolution and Counterrevolution$
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Burnett Bolloten

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469624464

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469624464.001.0001

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The Fall of Catalonia

The Fall of Catalonia

(p.663) 62 The Fall of Catalonia
The Spanish Civil War

Burnett Bolloten

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter is an account of the circumstances leading to the fall of Catalonia in February 1939, such as a breakdown of the logistical support offered by the Soviets and the dreams of a postwar Republican regime, as well as its aftermath, including the final symbolic meeting of the Cortes. It also shows how the start of General Franco's offensive on Catalonia in December 1938 and capture of Barcelona on the following year climaxed the demoralization and defeatism of the Catalan workers. Catalonia's working class had formed the backbone of the opposition to General Franco, and their demoralization was primarily accelerated by the actions of Negrín and the PCE. The middle classes, upon whose good will and confidence the Communists had risen to power during the previous years, likewise grew disenchanted with the party's resistance policy and its thirteen-point aims.

Keywords:   Catalonia, fall of Catalonia, Francisco Franco, Nationalists, Republicans, Communists, middle class, working class, Cortes, Russia

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