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Apostles of the AlpsMountaineering and Nation Building in Germany and Austria, 1860-1939$
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Tait Keller

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469625034

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625034.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 25 July 2021

Forbidden Heights

Forbidden Heights

Lost Mountains and the Violence of Alpine Anti-Semitism

(p.121) 5 Forbidden Heights
Apostles of the Alps

Tait Keller

University of North Carolina Press

Although the 1918 armistice established a military truce, culture wars continued to rage on the peaks for the next two decades. The tense situation in South Tyrol, now property of Italy, resulted in restricted or closed access for Germans and Austrians to the Dolomites. Fierce debates erupted over who had rights to the Alps. After the war, several Austrian chapters of the Alpine Association adopted the so-called “Aryan paragraph” in their statutes, which banned Jews from membership. The uproar that followed transformed Alpinism. Most Austrian mountaineers, led by Eduard Pichl, focused their attacks on Section Donauland, a predominantly Jewish chapter in Vienna, and successfully fought to have the chapter banned from Alpine Association. Although the Alpine culture wars made little direct material impact on the mountain environment, they fundamentally shaped how Germans and Austrians perceived the heights in the early twentieth century. The peaks became a hallowed sanctuary for some, sheltering and strengthening dreams of empire. Others blamed the Alps for cultivating the reactionary forces that later hastened the demise of the republics. In both cases, anti-Semitism had become a defining facet of Alpinism.

Keywords:   Anti-Semitism, South Tyrol, Culture wars, Aryan paragraph, Eduard Pichl, Section Donauland

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