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Cattle Colonialism – An Environmental History of the Conquest of California and Hawai'i - North Carolina Scholarship Online
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Cattle Colonialism: An Environmental History of the Conquest of California and Hawai'i

John Ryan Fischer


In the nineteenth century, the colonial territories of California and Hawaiʻi underwent important cultural, economic, and ecological transformations influenced by an unlikely factor: cows. The creation of native cattle cultures, represented by the Indian vaquero and the Hawaiian paniolo, demonstrates that California Indians and native Hawaiians adapted in ways that allowed them to harvest the opportunities for wealth that these unfamiliar biological resources presented. But the imposition of new property laws limited these indigenous responses, and Pacific cattle frontiers ultimately became th ... More

Keywords: Pacific borderlands, native Hawaiians, California Indians åü, hide and tallow trade, California missions, Paniolo, livestock, invasive species, land reform, colonialism

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2015 Print ISBN-13: 9781469625126
Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016 DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625126.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

John Ryan Fischer, author