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Sacred InterestsThe United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921$
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Karine Walther

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469625393

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

The United States and the Greeks, 1821–1869

The United States and the Greeks, 1821–1869

(p.33) 1 The United States and the Greeks, 1821–1869
Sacred Interests

Karine V. Walther

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter 1 examines American reactions to the 1821 Greek War of Independence and the Cretan Insurrection of 1866-1869. Prompted by American philhellenes, politicians, religious organizations, and activists argued vehemently for American intervention to help their “Christian brothers” in Greece and Crete. In their push for intervention, Americans cited the need for humanitarian intervention and based their arguments on developing concepts of international law to counter arguments against non-entanglement, as spelled out in the Monroe Doctrine and advanced most forcefully by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams. Undeterred by such policies, the American philhellenic movement, led by men such as Edward Everett, Samuel Gridley Howe, and Daniel Webster, helped galvanize the American public to aid the Greeks.

Keywords:   Greek War of Independence, Cretan Insurrection, Philhellenism, Monroe Doctrine, Humanitarian Intervention, Eastern Question, Edward Everett, Daniel Webster, John Quincy Adams, Samuel Gridley Howe

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