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Sacred InterestsThe United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921$
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Karine Walther

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469625393

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 17 June 2021

Spreading Empire and Civilization in Morocco, 1878–1906

Spreading Empire and Civilization in Morocco, 1878–1906

(p.126) 4 Spreading Empire and Civilization in Morocco, 1878–1906
Sacred Interests

Karine V. Walther

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter 4 begins in 1878 with American intercessions on behalf of Moroccan Jews during two international conferences, the Madrid Conference of 1880 and the Algeciras Conference of 1906. At the Madrid Conference, these discussions centered on maintaining the protégé system, which many believed was essential in protecting Moroccan Jews from oppression. At the Algeciras Conference, American elites explicitly endorsed the extension of French empire to Morocco. These actions were driven by American Jewish organizations such as the Board of Delegates of American Israelites and later, the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, with the aid of prominent Jewish leaders such as Jacob Schiff. But such activism was facilitated by diplomatic and political elites, including Theodore Roosevelt, Elihu Root, and Felix Mathews, who had their own personal and diplomatic interests for participating in these conferences.

Keywords:   Madrid Conference, Algeciras Conference, Theodore Roosevelt, Felix Mathews, Jewish Question, Morocco, French Empire, Anti-Semitism, Protégé system

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