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Sacred InterestsThe United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921$
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Karine Walther

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469625393

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.001.0001

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The United States, World War I, and the End of the Ottoman Empire, 1908–1921

The United States, World War I, and the End of the Ottoman Empire, 1908–1921

(p.271) 8 The United States, World War I, and the End of the Ottoman Empire, 1908–1921
Sacred Interests

Karine V. Walther

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter 8 analyzes the culmination of the Eastern Question by analyzing American reactions to the Armenian Genocide of 1915-1917 and President Woodrow Wilson’s failed plans for an American mandate over Armenia. It examines the role played by the United States in establishing the larger mandate system in the Middle East. The primary actors involved in pushing for such a system included political and diplomatic elites, such as Woodrow Wilson and Henry Morgenthau, who worked closely with American missionaries, including Josiah Strong and James Barton. It also analyzes how American support for the Balfour Declaration built on previous arguments about the Jewish Question in Europe to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine. In concludes with an analysis of the King-Crane Commission.

Keywords:   Henry Morgenthau, Woodrow Wilson, Mandate System, World War I, Armenian Genocide, Balfour Declaration, Palestine, James Barton, Josiah Strong, King-Crane Commission

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