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Sacred InterestsThe United States and the Islamic World, 1821-1921$
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Karine Walther

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469625393

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625393.001.0001

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(p.319) Conclusion
Sacred Interests

Karine V. Walther

University of North Carolina Press

The conclusion summarizes how these arenas contributed to larger American narratives about the Islamic world and how they translated into specific policies. It then details the profound repercussions of these policies for the peoples of the Middle East, North Africa and Asia continuing into the twenty-first century. It analyzes how perceptions about Islam continued during the Cold War, when Israel and oil became the two pillars of American foreign policy. The chapter concludes by analyzing the resurgence of Islamophobia in the 21st century, focusing on the theory of the “Clash of Civilizations,” authored by Samuel Huntington in 1993, which resonated so deeply in the American psyche after 9/11, during the Global War on Terror, led by George W. Bush.

Keywords:   Islamophobia, Clash of Civilizations, Samuel Huntington, Philippines, Global War on Terror, Palestine, Israel, Middle East, George W. Bush

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