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Ku-Klux – The Birth of the Klan during Reconstruction - North Carolina Scholarship Online
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Ku-Klux: The Birth of the Klan during Reconstruction

Elaine Frantz Parsons


The reconstruction-era Ku-Klux Klan emerged as a solution to the problem of southern white defeat and black empowerment. Through Klan terror, white southern men tried both to reestablish their local control of freedpeople and to position themselves as playing a role in the national future. Klan attacks targeted the confident and ambitious. They undermined black southerners’ claims to manhood, womanhood, and social and political competence. Ku-Klux intended for these attacks not only to kill or injure, but also to humiliate victims. Yet, since victims had some control over their response to att ... More

Keywords: Ku-Klux Klan, Terrorism, Reconstruction, Violence, Racial violence, Freedpeople, Network analysis, minstrelsy, Southern history

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2016 Print ISBN-13: 9781469625423
Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016 DOI:10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625423.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Elaine Frantz Parsons, author