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Hammer and HoeAlabama Communists during the Great Depression$
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Robin D. G. Kelley

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781469625485

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625485.001.0001

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The Popular Front in Rural Alabama

The Popular Front in Rural Alabama

(p.159) Nine The Popular Front in Rural Alabama
Hammer and Hoe

Robin D. G. Kelley

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter chronicles the decline of Communist-led rural movement in Alabama. The decline cannot be attributed solely to changes in the Party's line or a conspiracy to liquidate the militant sharecroppers' movement. Perhaps if the United Cannery, Agricultural, Packing, and Allied Workers of America (UCAPAWA) and the Alabama Farmers' Union (AFU) had more resources, or if the federal government had protected rural workers' rights to organize at it had industrial and craft unions', the movement in the Alabama black belt might have had a different outcome. However, Alabama Communists did manage to turn the AFU into a formidable force on the Left and a strong proponent of labor and civil rights in the region. The Party's growing prominence within the AFU also altered the character of its rural support, from poor black sharecroppers and laborers to independent white farmers.

Keywords:   Communists, Communist Party, rural movement, Alabama

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