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Bonds of Union"Religion, Race, and Politics in a Civil War Borderland"$
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Bridget Ford

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469626222

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626222.001.0001

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(p.89) Chapter Four Separation
Bonds of Union

Bridget Ford

University of North Carolina Press

Ohio and Kentucky and especially their two leading cities—Cincinnati and Louisville—illuminate the power of racism in nineteenth-century American history. Both Cincinnati and Louisville were the sites of extraordinary racial violence in the three decades before the Civil War. Black Cincinnatians endured a number of horrific riots before 1850, and black Louisvillians suffered enslavement and lynching. In consequence, some white and black Americans began to imagine separate racial destinies. This chapter describes the colonization movements in Ohio and Kentucky while also detailing fierce black opposition to removal outside of the United States. The chapter further considers black separatism and plans for emigration from the United States in consequence of the experience of a harsh racism.

Keywords:   Racism, Colonization, Riots, Enlightenment, Black Laws, Slavery, Slave trade, Fugitive slaves, Henry Bibb, Lynching

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