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Dollar Diplomacy by ForceNation-Building and Resistance in the Dominican Republic$
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Ellen D. Tillman

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469626956

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469626956.001.0001

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Regional Negotiation and Resistance

Regional Negotiation and Resistance

The “Moralizing” versus the Expedient

Chapter Five Regional Negotiation and Resistance
Dollar Diplomacy by Force

Ellen D. Tillman

University of North Carolina Press

The end of World War I brought an opening for international attention to the U.S. military occupation of the Dominican Republic, as well as for Dominican resistance. These changes forced U.S. officers in the occupied country to account for their lack of progress in reforming Dominican government. They responded with an absolute refusal to abandon their experiment, instead blaming Dominicans and a lack of consistent resources for occupation failures. Rather than reform their approach, military governors shuffled in after the war insisted on "reform" that emphasized the original occupation plan, alongside reforms to improve Dominican society morally. Embedded in this now long-term set of power relationships, Dominicans and U.S. officers who ran the constabulary throughout the country coped increasingly through diverse local and regional negotiations. These fractured policies strengthened the local functionality of the occupation while at the same time serving to empower Dominicans within the ranks of the constabulary.

Keywords:   Constabulary, Dominican Republic, Military occupation

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