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"The Free State of Jones, Movie Edition"Mississippi's Longest Civil War$
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Victoria E. Bynum

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627052

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627052.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

The Quest for Land

The Quest for Land

Yeoman Republicans on the Southwestern Frontier

(p.29) Chapter Two The Quest for Land
"The Free State of Jones, Movie Edition"

Victoria E. Bynum

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter traces the westward migration of farmers from North and South Carolina to what eventually became Jones County, Mississippi, in 1826. The divergent lives of migrants seeking escape from the expanding slave-based plantation system are embodied in two Jones County settlers: Norvell Robertson, a prominent minister and slaveholder, and Stacy Collins, a prosperous non-slaveholding farmer/herder of the county. Robertson implemented pro-missionary Baptist reforms in frontier settlements, while Collins joined others in regularly petitioning the federal government to provide cheap land, counties, courthouses, and judges to frontier settlers. These two men, the chapter demonstrates, represented a larger divide within the religious and economic hierarchies of Jones County that would eventually bring conflict to the region.

Keywords:   commercial agriculture, slavery, Southwestern frontier, Mississippi Territory, Creek War, Second Great Awakening, republican nationalism, Baptists, frontier women, race-mixing

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