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"The Free State of Jones, Movie Edition"Mississippi's Longest Civil War$
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Victoria E. Bynum

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627052

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627052.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

The Inner Civil War

The Inner Civil War

Birth of the Free State of Jones

(p.93) Chapter Five The Inner Civil War
"The Free State of Jones, Movie Edition"

Victoria E. Bynum

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter begins with an overview of the Civil War from the perspective of Southerner Unionists and then examines the growth of anti-Confederate sentiment in Jones County. Drawing from legends, oral histories, personal narratives, county records, and military records, it discusses the county’s opposition to secession, the coming of war, and the battles of Corinth, Iuka, and Vicksburg that convinced many men to desert the Confederate army. The chapter traces the origins of the Knight Company guerrilla band, created in the aftermath of the murder of Confederate Major Amos McLemore and headed by Newt Knight. The participation of women, slaves, children, and old people in home front battles is detailed, with special attention given to Rachel Knight, the band’s slave collaborator.

Keywords:   Secession, Twenty Negro Law, Battle of Corinth, Battle of Vicksburg, Confederate deserters, Knight Company, Newt Knight, Major Amos McLemore, Rachel Knight, Civil War home front

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