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"The Free State of Jones, Movie Edition"Mississippi's Longest Civil War$
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Victoria E. Bynum

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627052

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627052.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Defiance and Domination

Defiance and Domination

“White Negroes” in the Piney Woods New South

(p.149) Chapter Eight Defiance and Domination
"The Free State of Jones, Movie Edition"

Victoria E. Bynum

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter provides an overview of Mississippi literature that contributed to the development of the “Lost Cause” version of the Civil War, showing how it overlapped with return of the Ku Klux Klan and the notorious “lynching era” of 1889-1945. Recounting the 1919 lynching of John Hartfield in Jones County as emblematic of the white terror that prevailed in Mississippi, the chapter analyzes the role of racism and intimidation in politically suppressing Unionists in general and Newt Knight in particular. By the turn of the twentieth century, accounts of the Free State of Jones reflected the racism, segregation, and Lost Cause romanticism of this era. The chapter concludes by showing the means by which descendant Anna Knight and the Seventh Day Adventist Church became important cultural and education lifelines for the mixed-race Knight community.

Keywords:   Lost Cause literature, Segregation, Ku Klux Klan, lynching era, John Hartfield, Newt Knight, Rachel Knight, Anna Knight, Mixed-race Knight Community, Seventh Day Adventist Church

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