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Mapping the Country of RegionsThe Chorographic Commission of Nineteenth-Century Colombia$
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Nancy P. Appelbaum

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627441

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627441.001.0001

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A Homogeneous, Vigorous, and Well-Formed Population

A Homogeneous, Vigorous, and Well-Formed Population

The Northeast and Antioquia

(p.54) 3 A Homogeneous, Vigorous, and Well-Formed Population
Mapping the Country of Regions

Nancy P. Appelbaum

University of North Carolina Press

The third chapter is the first of several chapters that focus on the Chorographic Commission’s depictions of particular regions and aspects of New Granada, through which the commission organized the country’s diversity into ostensibly progressive highland regions and backward lowland regions. The chapter examines the Chorographic Commission’s expeditions during its first three years, from 1850 through 1852, in the northern, largely Andean provinces that soon after became the states of Santander and Boyacá (in the northeast) and Antioquia (in the northwest). The commission represented the inhabitants of each province as both highly diverse and essentially homogeneous. According to Ancízar, a republican mestizo race of granadinos was emerging in the highlands; Indians and blacks were disappearing, absorbed into this new whitened race. In images painted first by Carmelo Fernández and then Henry Price, and in texts authored by Manuel Ancízar and Agustín Codazzi, the population was dissected, depicted, and classified by racial type. Yet, paradoxically, Ancízar and Codazzi also glossed the population of these Andean provinces overall as largely homogeneous and increasingly white.

Keywords:   Ancízar, Manuel, Codazzi, Agustín, Antioquia, Boyacá, Chorographic Commission, Fernández, Carmelo, Prince, Henry, Region, Santander, Type

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