Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Beyond IntegrationThe Black Freedom Struggle in Escambia County, Florida, 1960-1980$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

J. Michael Butler

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627472

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627472.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Patterns of Protest in Escambia County

Patterns of Protest in Escambia County

(p.19) Chapter One Patterns of Protest in Escambia County
Beyond Integration

J. Michael Butler

University of North Carolina Press

The economic, demographic, political, and employment conditions that existed in Northwest Florida from Reconstruction through the 1950s provided the foundation for a unique local civil rights movement. Consequently, two separate post-World War II campaigns against white supremacy permanently altered area race relations, which contradicts the popular “Florida Exceptionalism” model of civil rights studies. A group of black parents, most of them middle and upper class professionals that Dr. Charles Augustus organized, filed the monumental Augustus v. Escambia County School Board desegregation suit in response to the Florida Pupil Assignment Law and turned to the national NAACP for assistance. Reverend W. C. Dobbins, a local minister, initiated a second and more direct confrontation with discriminatory practices and formed the Pensacola Council of Ministers. The group mobilized the Pensacola NAACP Youth Council and held a number of downtown lunch counter sit-ins and store boycotts to wage their protests. The school and economic battles operated independently of each other, but their successful outcomes transformed the city in a number of ways.

Keywords:   “Florida Exceptionalism”, Dr. Charles Augustus, Augustus v. Escambia County School Board, Florida Pupil Assignment Law, Reverend W. C. Dobbins, Pensacola Council of Ministers, Pensacola NAACP, Pensacola NAACP Youth Council

North Carolina Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .