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Beyond IntegrationThe Black Freedom Struggle in Escambia County, Florida, 1960-1980$
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J. Michael Butler

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627472

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627472.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Clouds of Interracial Revolution

Clouds of Interracial Revolution

(p.196) Chapter Eight Clouds of Interracial Revolution
Beyond Integration

J. Michael Butler

University of North Carolina Press

In 1976, violence resumed at Escambia High School over the continued presence of its Confederate imagery. Student rioting captured national attention and ensured that city and county officials could no longer deny that the symbols caused the racial unrest on campus. The local Human Relations Commission determined that “clouds of interracial revolution” threatened to consume Pensacola, particularly due to the heightened activities of the United Klans of America in the city. Considerations besides their racially offensive nature, though, determined the selection of a new nickname, mascot, and accompanying imagery at EHS in 1977. A series of internal and external conflicts rendered the Pensacola NAACP and Escambia County SCLC ineffective, which illustrated how the convictions of B. J. Brooks and H. K. Matthews weakened the local black freedom struggle.

Keywords:   Escambia High School, Confederate imagery, Human Relations Commission, United Klans of America, Pensacola NAACP, Escambia County SCLC, B. J. Brooks, H. K. Matthews

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