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Modern Manhood and the Boy Scouts of America"Citizenship, Race, and the Environment, 1910-1930"$
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Benjamin René Jordan

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627656

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627656.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

The BSA’s Triumph

The BSA’s Triumph

Balancing Traditional and Modern Manhood and Authority

(p.17) 1 The BSA’s Triumph
Modern Manhood and the Boy Scouts of America

Benjamin René Jordan

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter 1 argues that the Boy Scouts of America triumphed over competing programs by shifting emphasis from the virile primitivism and boy autonomy that defined the Woodcraft Indians and Boy Pioneers toward a balance with modern masculine values such as scientific efficiency, cooperative interdependence, and expert management. The Boy Scout organization gradually achieved a parallel compromise between local Scoutmasters’ charismatic volunteerism and the professionalization and bureaucratization of paid Scout Executives in charge of the national and local Scout council offices. America’s elite and government officials at all levels joined a widening spectrum of cultural and economic groups that supported Boy Scouting. Chapter 1 concludes by analyzing the organization’s resulting rapid membership growth and geographical spread in the 1910s and 1920s.

Keywords:   Woodcraft Indians, Boy Pioneers, Expert management, Scoutmaster, Volunteerism, Professionalization, Bureaucratization, Scout Executive, Local Scout council

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