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The Voyage of the Slave Ship HareA Journey into Captivity from Sierra Leone to South Carolina$
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Sean M. Kelley

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627687

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627687.001.0001

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Traders and Captives

Traders and Captives

(p.78) Chapter Four Traders and Captives
The Voyage of the Slave Ship Hare

Sean M. Kelley

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter uses the Hare’s records to determine where on the Upper Guinea Coast they were purchased, which in turn provides important clues to their origins. Although Bance Island was Sierra Leone’s dominant slave-trading center, few to none of the Hare captives were purchased there. Instead, the Hare most of its captives from a number of small-scale British and Eurafrican slave dealers to the north at the Scarcies River, the Rio Pongo, the Dembia River, and the Isles de Los, and then to the south of Sierra Leone at Sherbro and the Banana Islands. Most of these areas were connected by well-established trading paths to the Futa Jallon, a highland region to the northeast of Sierra Leone. Futa Jallon had been in the throes of war and revolution since about 1726, when Muslim Fula pastoralists rebelled against their non-Muslim Yalunka landlords, which resulted in the establishment of the theocratic Futa Jallon state. At the time of the Hare’s visit, the state still faced threats, so war was almost continuous. The chapter suggests that most of the Hare captives were probably non-Muslims who spoke languages from the Mande language family, including Yalunka, Mandinka, Susu, Koranko, and Bamana.

Keywords:   Futa Jallon, Mande, merchants, Eurafricans, Warfare, African slavery, Upper Guinea Coast

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