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The Voyage of the Slave Ship HareA Journey into Captivity from Sierra Leone to South Carolina$
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Sean M. Kelley

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627687

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627687.001.0001

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Shipmates and Countrymen

Shipmates and Countrymen

(p.159) Chapter Eight Shipmates and Countrymen
The Voyage of the Slave Ship Hare

Sean M. Kelley

University of North Carolina Press

This chapter addresses the question of whether Africans in South Carolina were scattered in such a way as to make it difficult to perpetuate African cultural practices, or whether they lived in linguistically and culturally coherent clusters. The Hare captives’ experience suggests that the latter was the case in most instances. In addition to using probate records to reconstruct plantation communities, it uses a slave sales record from the firm of Austin and Laurens to demonstrate that most of the Hare captive purchasers had the ability to connect with others from Upper Guinea. Workhouse advertisements in the Charles Town newspapers demonstrate that Mande peoples in South Carolina had both the desire and ability to socialize with each other. The prevalence of Mande charm-making, secret societies, and the strength and significance of Islam all suggest that Mande languages and cultural practices endured into the early nineteenth century, all of which undermines the notion that newly-arrived Africans ‘creolized’ at a fast rate.

Keywords:   South Carolina, Mande culture, Islam, Charms, Creolization

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