The Contemporary Relationship between School and Housing Segregation in Four Southern Cities
This chapter links the differing city-suburban school district configurations and desegregation histories of Richmond, Charlotte, Louisville and Chattanooga to contemporary patterns of school and housing segregation. U.S. Census and federal school enrollment data is used to analyze key trends in housing and schools. Maps constructed using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and the visual presentation of different measures of segregation dramatically illustrates the current landscape of school and housing segregation. Most significantly, the chapter shows that metropolitan school desegregation strategies are associated with dramatic declines in both school and housing segregation between 1990 and 2010. The increasingly multiracial nature of school enrollments in the four metros is emphasized, and key policy changes (e.g., the abandonment of school desegregation policies) are linked to increases in levels of school and housing segregation.
Keywords: Jefferson County Schools, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, Hamilton County Schools, Chattanooga City Schools, Richmond area schools, School district boundaries, School segregation, Housing segregation, GIS maps, Multiracial schools, Racially changing suburbs
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