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Kika KilaHow the Hawaiian Steel Guitar Changed the Sound of Modern Music$
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John W. Troutman

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469627922

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627922.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.northcarolina.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of North Carolina Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in NCSO for personal use.date: 02 March 2021

Banishment, and Return

Banishment, and Return

(p.200) 7 Banishment, and Return
Kika Kila

John W. Troutman

University of North Carolina Press

It seemed, in Hawai‘i, that Hawaiian music was in a crisis state by the late 1960s. Neither Hawaiian nor non-Hawaiian residents and tourists seemed to express much interest in the formerly celebrated Hawaiian troupes. Many younger Hawaiians came to negatively associate the steel guitar with Waikiki tourists, Webley Edwards’ “Hawai‘i Calls” radio program, or country music. Some observers such as George Kanahele and Kahauanu Lake became concerned that such a lack of interest in Hawaiian music and language would contribute to a loss of cultural integrity, just as Hawaiians continued to see their lands under siege by military and touristic expansion. Such apprehension, however, soon met a powerful response, a “Hawaiian renaissance,” a movement that would rejuvenate traditional Hawaiian music. While chronicling these developments, this chapter also contemplates the meaning of “traditional” Hawaiian music in the mid- to late-twentieth century, as well as the role of the steel guitar and hapa haole music in the Hawaiian Renaissance and the rise of the kī hō‘alu, or slack key guitar. Featured musicians include Gabby Pahinui, Isreal Kamakawiwo‘ole, Eddie Kamae, Don Ho, Alan Akaka, Genoa Keawe, Jerry Byrd, and David Keli‘i.

Keywords:   Webley Edwards, Hawai‘i Calls, Gabby Pahinui, Alan Akaka, Hapa Haole, Slack Key Guitar, David Keli‘i, Don Ho, Israel Kamakawiwo‘ole, George Kanahele

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