The Ladies Memorial Association of Appomattox memorializes the Confederate dead, lobbying for their interment and decorating their graves in the Memorial Day tradition. The Freedmen's Bureau establishes a school in Appomattox Court House that became a cultural and political center for freedmen, despite a raid by white supremacists who tried to destroy it. Economic prospects in Appomattox County continued to decline during the Reconstruction era, and after it ended Appomattox Court House became a derelict community. The courthouse burned in 1892 and was rebuilt at Appomattox (formerly Appomattox Station), while most of the other village buildings fell into decay. Only a resurgence of interest in the site's most famous historical event saved it from complete disintegration. By the centennial of Lee's surrender, and before the promise of emancipation had been fully realized, the old village had been transformed into Appomattox Court House National Historical Park.
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