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ContraculturaAlternative Arts and Social Transformation in Authoritarian Brazil$
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Christopher Dunn

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781469628516

Published to North Carolina Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628516.001.0001

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Experience the Experimental

Experience the Experimental

(p.72) 2 Experience the Experimental

Christopher Dunn

University of North Carolina Press

Chapter 2 explores the connections between the artistic avantgarde and the counterculture. A small, but influential group of artists sometimes identified as “marginal” or “underground” coalesced in the aftermath of Tropicália. Cultura marginal may be located at the intersection of two cultural phenomenon: On one hand it had deep affinities with the emergent counterculture. On the other hand, cultura marginal was indebted to the mid-century constructivist avant-garde, especially neo-concretism. The author discusses the work of experimental artist, Hélio Oiticica and Lygia Clark, who developed a series of environmental and performative works that demanded the active participation of spectators to create meaning. The author explores Oiticica’s dialogue with experimental writer and songwriter, Waly Salomão, whose work circulated within the rarified field of experimental writing, while also finding a mass audience through popular music, notably in the performances of Gal Costa. The author devotes a section to the journalist and artist Torquato Neto, who promoted cultura marginal and also performed in “Nosferato no Brasil,” a celebrated example of Super 8 film. Finally, the author analyzes the publication Navilouca, a graphic and textual project that brought together key figures of cultura marginal and the avantgarde.

Keywords:   Avantgarde, Neo-concretism, Hélio Oiticica, Lygia Clark, Waly Salomão, Gal Costa, Torquato Neto, Navilouca

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